It is designed to activate a patient’s own immune system to target six different tumor-associated antigens, or proteins, found on glioblastoma cancer cells.
How ICT-107 works
ICT-107 consists of a patient’s own dendritic cells (DCs), specialized immune system cells, which are pulsed with six synthetic peptides found on glioblastoma tumor cells.
Such DCs that produce tumor-associated antigens, when administered back to the patient’s body, can stimulate the immune system — and particularly a type of immune cell called cytotoxic (cell-killing) T-cells — to attack the cancer cells.
The six tumor-associated antigens are absent in melanoma 2 (AIM-2), melanoma-associated antigen 1 (MAGE-1), tyrosinase-related protein 2 (TRP-2), glycoprotein 100 (gp100), epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2), and interleukin-13 receptor subunit alpha-2 (IL-13Ra2).
ICT-107 in clinical trials
A Phase 1 trial evaluated the safety and immunogenicity (ability to trigger an immune response) of ICT-107 in 21 patients. The vaccine was administered three times at two-week intervals. Results showed that treatment correlated with better survival in patients whose tumors were known to express at least three of the antigens contained within ICT-107.
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 2 study (NCT01280552) evaluated the safety and efficacy of ICT-107 in newly diagnosed patients with GBM following surgery and chemoradiation. A total of 124 patients were treated at 25 trial sites across the U.S. The study did not show an overall survival benefit, but did show two to three months progression-free survival that was statistically significant compared with patients treated with DCs that were not pulsed with antigens.
A Phase 3 clinical trial (NCT02546102) was started to study this vaccine in newly diagnosed GBM patients following surgery and chemoradiotherapy. Preliminary analysis showed that four of the targeted antigens were associated with prolonged survival. The randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was aiming to enroll around 400 patients, but was suspended in June 2017 because the company is unable to secure sufficient financial resources to complete it.
Immuno-Oncology News is strictly a news and information website about the disease. It does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. This content is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Never disregard professional medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read on this website.